Income inequality in the USA

Found this fact very interesting about the inequalities in the great land: Bill Gates, Jeff Bezos and Warren Buffett owned more wealth in 2017 than the poorest fifty percent of the population! Bernie Sanders was right.


Eat Breakfast. It’s Good for You

A recent study has provided a quantitative measure of the benefits of breakfast: Regularly skipping breakfast almost doubles your risk of having a heart attack or stroke.

Many people regularly skip breakfast in the mistaken belief that this helps them lose weight and reduce their cardiovascular risks in the long term. However, this is not the case.

The study by Rong and others was a prospective, nationally representative study of 6,550 adults 40 to 75 years of age. Among the 6,550 participants (mean age 53.2 years; 48.0% male), 5.1% never consumed breakfast, 10.9% rarely consumed breakfast, 25.0% consumed breakfast some days, and 59.0% consumed breakfast every day. It was adjusted for age, sex, race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, dietary and lifestyle factors, body mass index, and cardiovascular risk factors. It found that participants who never consumed breakfast compared with those consuming breakfast everyday had hazard ratios of 1.87 (95% confidence interval: 1.14 to 3.04) for cardiovascular mortality and 1.19 (95% confidence interval: 0.99 to 1.42) for all-cause mortality.

In other words, regularly eating breakfast significantly improves your cardiovascular health.

Llandudno on a Day Trip

I recently paid a visit to the town of Llandudno. Situated on the coast of North Wales, the town boasts an immaculate seafront, a well-maintained stony and sandy beach, a vibrant pier, an impressive headland (the Great Orme) with awe-inspiring views of the sea and the Snowdon mountain range, cable cars, a vibrant pier and a quaint holiday feel that envelopes you in the sense that you are in exotic territory, yet entirely at home.


The promenade, for the most part, is separated from the sea by a stony beach that is less than forty metres wide. This lends the beach to the enjoyable challenge of throwing pebbles on the sea to bounce them or see how far they can go.

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

As would be expected in any modern city with such a clean beach, the seafront has a lot of hotels, all of which looked well-presented. I did not stay in any of them and therefore cannot give an opinion as to the standards of accommodation, service or food quality.

At the top end of the esplanade, just before the pier, is a sandy beach that appeared to be popular with holiday makers on the sunny day on which I had visited.


While stone-throwing and lying on the beach are free, there are a number of other non-free activities on offer. Among these are boat rides as can be seen below:


There is an option of a fast boat or a more sedate ride on a bigger vessel.


The pier itself juts into the sea about a mile and has the obligatory food kiosks, arcades and amusements rides that you might expect. It also presents commanding views of the seafront and the activities by the beach, as the following 360-degree video attempts to show.

For those concerned about parking, there are parking charges along the seafront, but further into the town there is free parking for up to 90minutes if you are prepared to walk for about five to ten minutes to the seafront; not that you should mind because the town itself has a cosy, local village look.

Once you leave the town and the beach you can choose to drive round the headland known locally as the Great Orme, which is about a file mile drive. Should you choose to take a detour, and I would encourage you to, you can go up to the summit and catch magnificent views of the surroundings for miles around. The following time lapse gives an indication of some of the challenges of the drive, including the narrow roads and the need to give way to oncoming traffic on the way to the summit.

The rewards of perseverance are the following splendid views on a fine day.

The Orme itself is littered with old mines and packs a surprise or two, including cable cars and an occasional fresh water spring, such as this one.

In summary, Llandudno is a great place to visit for a day or even a few days, as are undoubtedly other parts of North Wales. There are other activities I did not engage in or photograph, such as walking up the mountain, going on the cable cars, riding on the train at the summit or going on the ski slopes. These will have to be reserved for another day.